Can Cannabis and Wine Coexist?

The vineyard's owners faced an unenviable choice. Farming their land in California’s Santa Barbara County, home to cool, moist Pacific air, they could spray their growing Chardonnay crop with a fungicide that would protect it from mildew. But that raised the risk the chemical could drift onto their new neighbor’s burgeoning crop of cannabis. Any trace of spray would render the cannabis unsaleable, and the vineyard owners would be liable for the lost crop, potentially owing millions of dollars. The vintners, who asked not to be identified, opted to spray a less effective fungicide. When harvest arrived, they were stuck with 35 acres of Chardonnay they couldn’t use due to unchecked mildew. When California’s Proposition 64 passed in 2016, legalizing the recreational use of cannabis, many vintners worried that it would creep into their neighborhoods and even take away customers. Three years later, some have had their fears confirmed, while others have seen little impact. Only half the counties within the state allow commercial cannabis farming. Napa County's local government, for example, has instituted a ban on commercial cultivation for now. But several other wine regions are grappling with how the new cash crop is impacting vineyards. The change is most acutely felt in Santa Barbara, due to permissive regulations. “Santa Barbara County is experiencing significant and unexpected challenges with cannabis cultivation,” said Alison Laslett, CEO for Santa Barbara Vintners. She is worried about safeguarding a nearly $2 billion local wine industry. A patchwork system The intent of Proposition 64 was to give small growers a head start by issuing temporary licenses to grow (the proposition banned licenses for parcels larger than 1 acre until 2023). California then left it up to local officials to decide how to regulate cannabis production and sales. Cannabis farming coexists with grapes and other crops in counties such as Monterey and Mendocino, without significant disputes. But other counties have opted to ban all commercial cannabis activities. (Under the state law, residents are still allowed to grow up to six plants for personal use in unincorporated areas.) Santa Barbara County has adopted some of the most lenient regulations for commercial growth in the state, leading to an influx in cannabis farms. The region, not previously known for cannabis, has issued 843 active growing permits. By comparison, Humboldt County, known for its cannabis culture even before legalization, has issued 653 permits. Santa Barbara vintners are already feeling exposed by cannabis’ impression on the area, citing the sight, smell and prospective discordancy with how the two crops grow. Among their chief concerns is the lack of regulations imposed upon the cannabis growers. “Vineyard development and winery construction go through an extensive review process, yet they have given cannabis farms carte blanche, which is incongruous from what has been standard for open land agriculture in Santa Barbara,” said one vintner. (Many of the vintners interviewed for this story asked not to be identified, to avoid starting arguments with their neighbors.) This is all part of a slippery slope that began with the county passing a moratorium on new farms. When Prop 64 passed, Santa Barbara County supervisors allowed anyone who said they had already been growing medicinal cannabis to add their name to a registry. Adding their name to the list would grandfather them in as legal growers. The growers did not have to provide any evidence, however. In fact, county supervisors rejected a measure recommended by the planning commission to have staff ask for documentation and research the veracity of the statements. In late 2017, California announced that it was going to begin issuing temporary cultivation licenses. Santa Barbara used its registry to define eligibility. Anyone on the registry could sign an affidavit declaring they had been growing cannabis prior to the moratorium. The affidavit allowed them to obtain a state license. This led to a surge of cannabis farms. Many have questioned whether some affidavits were falsified. “It happened so fast, and we were unprepared,” said another vintner. “The county should have known what they were giving the green light to.” That green light allowed a rapid expansion of cannabis farming into land zoned for agriculture, next to the region’s 27,000 acres of vineyards, with almost no restrictions. While state licenses allow only 1 acre per grower, the rules allow growers to have multiple licenses. Local governments decide how many licenses one grower may have. Santa Barbara County supervisors voted not to limit that number. That allowed farmers to "stack" licenses, combining permits for neighboring acres of land, creating large farms, some upwards of 100 acres. Incompatible neighbors? “When you put cannabis in the middle of agricultural land, even though it looks like a plant, it doesn't mesh with anything else there,” one vintner said. Perhaps the most critical element of cannabis and vineyards sharing land is the potential risk of herbicide or pesticide drift. By law, cannabis may not be commercially sold or used in any form if it tests positive for any inorganic substance. Even sustainably farmed vineyards use products that are widely accepted in wine and other crops, but are forbidden with cannabis. Grapegrowers could be liable for any damage to cannabis crops as a result of products used in their vineyards, with potential damages as high as $2 million per acre. Santa Barbara County is a windy spot. Its coastal mountain ranges are oriented east-west as opposed to north-south, allowing extensive fog and reliable coastal breezes to roll in off the Pacific. Vintners admit they don’t know how big the buffer zone is for drift, as the winds can vary from day to day, but they feel like the risk is constantly looming. No vintners have been sued so far, but cannabis growers have filed complaints to county authorities. Stay on top of important wine stories with Wine Spectator's free Breaking News Alerts. On the flip side, cannabis can release organic compounds called terpenes, one of which is eucalyptol, known for tainting the flavor of grapes. The Australian Wine Research Institute has linked the location and leaves of eucalyptus trees to the concentration of eucalyptol, or minty characters in wine made from grapes growing nearby. Several winery representatives also reported tasting room customers who were overwhelmed by the aromas of growing cannabis wafting in and left. The county has not imposed odor mitigation requirements in these agricultural areas, and large farms can create an immense stench. Hoop houses (a type of greenhouse that’s built using PVC pipe in a hooping or bending system) and storage and processing units have sprung up, which many deem an eyesore in a region that boasts over 200 wineries commingled with towering oaks, row crops and cattle farms. “Visual beauty is one reason to come here,” said one vintner, adding, “We know our scenic valley has transformed dramatically.” A coalition of Santa Barbara cannabis farmers dubbed “Good Farmers, Great Neighbors,” have been working to counter arguments that cannabis shouldn’t grow near other crops such as wine grapes. The group cites a poll where Santa Barbara voters favored policies to strengthen the industry, and the belief that it's complementary to the wine industry. On its website, the group also claims that less than 1 percent of the county’s agricultural land is used for cannabis. (The group did not respond to requests for comment.) Controlled expansion In Sonoma County, 60,000 acres of vines have been able to coexist seemingly happily with cannabis. Corey Beck, CEO of Francis Ford Coppola Winery and former president of the Sonoma County Vintners, said the county has done a good job in setting up areas for cannabis growing, manufacturing and selling. “I’ve heard very little about issues with neighboring cannabis farms and we have experienced no issues,” said Beck. To get a permit to grow cannabis in Sonoma County, the proposed area must be outside of both ecologically sensitive and rural residential areas. Environmental and land-use studies are conducted, and if a proposal is appealed, a majority vote is then required from the Sonoma County Board of Supervisors to move forward. The lengthy process has delayed cannabis growth in the county, limiting outdoor cultivation to roughly 20 acres. For Beck, water use is a critical sticking point, besides potential pesticide drift. “During drought years the wine industry takes its lumps and we continue to look toward new technology to reduce our water use, and it will be no different in the cannabis industry,” he says. Banned for now Across the county border, cannabis farming has been stymied in Napa. Following the state legalization, the county quickly imposed a moratorium on commercial cannabis growth. That freeze was set to last through December 2019. Earlier this year, the Napa County Cannabis Association began polling the community about whether it wanted cannabis in Napa. After collecting over 8,000 signatures to put a measure allowing commercial sales and cultivation on the March 2020 ballot, the group suddenly withdrew their initiative, citing optimism that the board would vote in favor of the idea. But just weeks ahead of the expiration of the moratorium, the Napa County Board of Supervisors voted unanimously to ban all commercial cannabis activities in unincorporated areas, including the growing, processing and selling of cannabis in stores. Ryan Klobas, CEO for the Napa County Farm Bureau, says he went to Santa Barbara and saw the impact of cannabis cultivation firsthand. “It has been polarizing for many people, and it requires a lot of community education,” said Klobas, noting that it's the No. 1 topic he’s been asked to speak about. Klobas said when determining their position, the unintended consequences that have been prevalent in Santa Barbara stuck out, and echoed Beck’s remarks on water usage. “The experts we talked to told us that a cannabis plant can use up to 3 gallons of water per day, which far exceeds what we use for wine grapes.” There have also been complaints outside of California, including in Oregon, where cannabis has been legal since 2014. McMinnville grower Moe Momtazi, who owns and farms the Maysara Vineyard, is in a legal battle with a neighboring cannabis grower, claiming drift of eucalyptol terpenes damaged his grapes. Finding common ground “If cannabis can co-exist with the right regulations, and not be intrusive to our neighbors, then it should be available to a farmer who needs to put food on the table for their family,” suggested Beck, noting that the wine industry is going through some growing pains as consumers are drinking less, and thus wineries are using fewer grapes. I’m not suggesting the trend is here to stay, but if you are a grapegrower and can’t find a buyer in the short term, your choice in agricultural crops which provide a return such as grapes are limited.” Leaders of the estimated $6 billion cannabis industry say California cannabis is poised for growth. Yet they have witnessed an oversaturated market without enough licensed dispensaries to distribute what is being grown. Nearly 75 percent of California cities have outlawed cannabis stores. Napa is still open to the prospect of cannabis growth. Despite its new ban, the board of supervisors and county officials plan to arrange for a series of public forums on commercial cannabis in early 2020. They hope to develop a better understanding of where commercial cultivation could take place, and on what scale. As everyone adapts to the current market conditions, the hope is that both industries can coexist. Laslett said she’s surprised by what's been allowed in Santa Barbara County. “We don't want to be unfair to cannabis, but we also have an obligation to ensure vintners are informed of the consequences of having cannabis cultivation in their region,” she says. Santa Barbara supervisors have announced that they plan to rein in the cannabis industry by imposing stricter regulations and conducting more enforcement. But it will be a difficult task. California’s temporary licenses will expire later this year, which means cannabis growers will have to go through land-use permitting within their respective counties. That processes affords neighbors a chance to appeal. But temporary license holders can apply for a provisional license that will allow them to continue growing for at least another year. The debate has just begun.

Cannabis Use and PTSD

Study Report Cannabis Use and PTSD Source: Dr. Odelya Gertel Kraybill Expressive Trauma Integration™ A Canadian study recently reported in the Journal of Psychopharmacology cites evidence that cannabis use reduces the effect of PTSD on major depression and suicide ideation (SI) among survivors who do not suffer from cannabis use disorder (CUD). Given the prevalence of PTSD, this finding has relevance for a large number of people.   According to the US Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for PTSD, about 6 in every 10 men and 5 in every 10 women experience at least one traumatic experience in their lifetime.  Women are more likely to experience sexual assault and child sexual abuse than men. Men are more likely to experience accidents, physical assault, combat, or disaster, or to witness death or injury. With 9.2% of its population estimated to be affected (Lake et at., 2019) Canada has an even higher incidence of PTSD.PTSD increases the risk of depression and suicide. Survivors living with PTSD frequently use cannabis to treat associated symptoms. Substance abuse, cannabis use and cannabis use disorder (CUD) are common among trauma survivors. It has been suggested that cannabis is used as a numbing agent to manage the aftermath of trauma.  But at least one previous study found that, In the long-run, cannabis use aggravates PTSD symptoms (Lake et at., 2019). The recently reported study analyzed data from a sample of 24,089 people who participated in a cross-sectional survey from 2012. This study explored whether cannabis use modifies the effects of PTSD on major depression and suicide ideation (SI). The authors measured the relationship between having PTSD and recently experiencing a major depressive episode or suicidal ideation. They conducted a sub-analysis of 420 respondents with PTSD to examine the adjusted odds of SI and major depression according to levels of cannabis use. Participants were categorized into three levels,  according to their cannabis use: low-risk, high-risk, and one-time use (non-users). Low-risk users were defined as those unlikely to develop cannabis use disorder (CUD).  High-risk users were defined as those who had experienced cannabis use, disorder (CUD) in the year prior to the survey.The data indicate that low-risk cannabis users are less likely to develop a major depressive episode or suicide ideation than non-users (one-time users). However, high-risk users were at increased risk of both major depression and SI. The authors suggest that there may be a higher number of high-risk users reporting symptoms because “high-risk use is a marker of unhealthy avoidance in this sub-set” (Lake et al., 2019).  In other words, high-risk users are more likely to have unhealthy patterns of seeking ways to numb out and avoid dealing with the aftermath of PTSD.   The authors of the study acknowledge several limitations. These include the fact that they performed a secondary analysis of data collected by another agency. They also pointed out that many outcomes in their data were self-reported and that this can impact accuracy.  Lastly, they point to the fact that it is difficult to draw causal interpretations from these results. The authors call for future studies to investigate the prospects for cannabis-based therapies to mitigate PTSD symptoms while taking into consideration the risks involved. *This report is not a recommendation to use cannabis in any way or to do so without consulting a medical professional.

Employees and bosses equally uninformed on medical cannabis rights

A recent study of Canadian workers by Toronto research group Responsible Cannabis Use (RCU) found one in three believed they had carte-blanche to use medical cannabis on the job, provided they’d disclosed that they are a licensed patient. One in four managers believed they had zero duty to accommodate medical cannabis use by staff, and 73% of managers believed a company can impose drug-testing on employees so long as the CEO says it’s ok. All of them are wrong. Cannabis in the workplace is a complex issue—employers now complain governments didn’t do enough to educate them ahead of legalization. Workers and managers alike are poorly informed about laws on cannabis in the workplace (which vary from province to province, but are roughly uniform). Few know, for example, that only workers in safety-sensitive positions may be subjected to drug testing. Even in “inherently dangerous” workplaces, the Supreme Court of Canada has determined employers may only conduct drug testing when there’s reason to believe an employee is impaired on the job, has been in a recent accident, or has returned from substance abuse treatment. Related Ontario Unions Lead the Way for Employer Coverage of Medical Cannabis Nobody has the right to work while impaired by a prescription substance (cannabis or otherwise) or by a recreational drug like alcohol that limits their ability to do their job safely. Non-safety-sensitive employees generally do not need to disclose use of any prescription drug (including medical cannabis) unless the prescribed drug presents the possibility of impairing the person at work. Even at that point, employers have a duty to accommodate use of authorized medical cannabis—”up to the point of undue hardship.” Recent legal decisions have proven experts aren’t quite sure yet how to measure “undue hardship.” The Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador supported an arbitrator’s decision that it was an undue hardship for a construction company to be forced to hire an employee to a safety sensitive position, knowing he was a medical cannabis user who consumed cannabis nightly. The Court agreed the effects of THC may contribute to continued cognitive impairment that might present safety risks as much as 24 hours after consumption. In a recent case in Vancouver, on the other hand, an arbitrator found Vancouver transit authority TransLink breached the rights of an employee who admitted occasionally using recreational cannabis when they subjected him to a year of twice-monthly randomized drug testing and forced counselling, despite the company’s own doctor confirming the worker did not have a cannabis use disorder. TransLink company policy does not forbid cannabis use outside of work hours, demanding only that employees arrive fit for work. Related How long does THC stay in your system? In a 52-page decision, arbitrator Arne Peltz wrote TransLink’s drug testing was “grossly excessive and unnecessarily invasive,” and concluded the company doctor “either misunderstood or misstated the science on cannabis use and impairment.” Aware of how few employers and workers are aware of their rights and obligations with regard to cannabis in the workplace—and how many still don’t have written guidelines regarding cannabis—RCU offers a free workplace cannabis policy template with which employers may begin drafting a policy.   Share   Print Canadaemployment Jesse B. Staniforth Jesse B. Staniforth is the editor of the free cannabis-industrynewsletter WeedWeek Canada. He also reports on Indigenous issues,cybersecurity, and food safety. Canada Over Half a Million Canadians Use Cannabis at Work Strains & products Understand the different types of CBD in Canada Strains & products Topicals ingredients to seek and avoid Cannabis 101 The THC detox: Myths, facts, and tips

Marijuana Is The Hottest Accessory For These Big Box Retailers This Holiday

Zane Witzel thought Bloomingdale’s was mistaken. This past summer, a Bloomingdale’s rep contacted Witzel about carrying his company’s product — a humidor, like the one cigar aficionados swear by, but for your weed. Witzel, the CEO of Cannador, couldn’t understand why. In his mind, Bloomingdale’s sold khakis and cologne, not cannabis accessories. They had the wrong idea, Witzel told Bloomingdale’s, and pushed back against any possible sale. Lucky for Witzel, Bloomingdale’s insisted otherwise. In select stores, they planned to stage a special holiday gifts section with the intention of placing Cannador products front and center. A pot box was the item Bloomingdale’s believed would most catch customers’ attention while Christmas shopping. Later, Witzel asked the Bloomingdale’s sales team if they’d ever sold any cannabis-related accessories or products in their stores. Nope, they replied, the Cannador would be the first one. “This was crazy to me because we’d been fighting an uphill battle with everything for years,” Witzel told The Fresh Toast. “For us to call somebody or talk with them about Cannador, even to advertise about it or put it on social media, we’ve always been walking on eggshells.” RELATED: Could Convenience Stores One Day Sell Cannabis? Department stores like Bloomingdale’s previously avoided all things marijuana, due to the plant’s federally illegal status. Companies feared possible retribution, either from customers or the feds, if they were seen tacitly supporting the business of marijuana. Witzel didn’t approach big-box retailers in the past for this reason, thinking it was a waste of time. Now they were knocking his door down. Marijuana has never been more popular. Despite a nationwide vaping crisis, support for marijuana legalization reached an all-time high last month, according to a Gallup poll. In addition, the majority of presidential candidates have called for federal marijuana legalization this election season. Legal marijuana was a $10.4 billion industry last year and projections tag legal cannabis as a $22 billion-plus industry by 2022. Photo courtesy of Cannador Big-box retailers and department stores want in, though they still won’t do business with companies that touch the plant. This gives a huge advantage to companies like Cannador and Magical Butter, the latter of which just received its first purchase order from none other than Walmart. Yes, the biggest name in retail will now sell a device that allows consumers to create their own marijuana-infused edibles and tinctures at home. Magical Butter CEO Garyn Angel told The Fresh Toast to expect more partnerships with big-box retailers in the United States and Canada to be announced soon. “Many big box retailers have limitations on cannabis, CBD and, and accessories, but that doesn’t mean they don’t want to sell products to that audience,” Angel said. “They just don’t know how to do it yet. Magical Butter’s ecosystem presents a friendly introduction to those customers.” Photo courtesy of Magical Butter If you talk with some within the cannabis industry, you’ll find dour moods and diminished expectations. Many marijuana stocks have underperformed and the biggest names in the industry, like Canopy Growth, have had to reset and reshuffle C-suite leadership. But cannabis accessories have enjoyed newfound success in this climate, as their products allow a bridge between marijuana consumers and traditional retailers that couldn’t be built otherwise. Furthermore, when cannabis-related products are sold on the same shelves you find gardening tools and designer jeans, it makes marijuana one step closer to true normalization. RELATED: Should Holiday Office Parties Include Marijuana Bars Now? “[Cannador being sold in Bloomingdale’s], it’s very small in the grand scheme of thing,” Witzel told The Fresh Toast. “This is a grain of sand, right? Like whoop-de-doo, your weed products are sold at Bloomingdale’s. But for those in the industry, it’s like, okay, this is one more step. It’s a baby step, it’s a tiny step. But it’s a step.” For Angel, this moment represents an opportune Trojan horse for marijuana businesses, both big and small. They have something everyone wants, but it’s upon brands to ensure they get it to customers. “Even though it seems like a tumultuous time in the industry, I actually feel it’s the exact opposite,” Angel told The Fresh Toast. “Right now is the f****** opportunity, man. You go. If you’re not in people’s faces right now, getting your product on store shelves, and pulling it off with a high conversion, you’re missing the opportunity.”

Edible Arrangements is selling CBD-infused edibles. This is not a joke

× Edible Arrangements is selling CBD-infused edibles. This is not a joke Edible Arrangements has finally reached nirvana. The company is rolling out a new CBD-infused product line that is appropriately titled Incredible Edibles. Hemp-derived CBD is non-psychoactive, a notion that Edible is emphasizing by describing the new line of products as “Health, Not High.” In a release, the company said that it’s using “high-quality, traceable CBD” for a new array of items including smoothies, chocolate-dipped fruit and baked goods. CBD has become a mainstream phenomenon since the passage of the US Farm Bill last year. which legalized hemp with some conditions. People praise hemp’s health benefits, which include helping insomnia or helping inflammation, but there’s little clinical research that proves CBD’s effectiveness. The Food & Drug Administration still hasn’t decided how to regulate CBD products. But that hasn’t stopped people from buying it. Sales are expected to top $5 billion this year, a 700% increase from 2018 according to research released earlier this year. Incredible Edibles claims that CBD sales are projected to surpass $20 billion by 2024. The company is transparent in the hemp’s sourcing on its website. Edible said its CBD is “sourced strictly from trusted, federally compliant, and experienced farms practicing advanced and organic agricultural techniques” and that its CBD goes though “rigorous testing and verification process” so there’s no “trace of contaminants, pesticides, or additives.” The CBD-infused products are already on sale in Edible’s Dallas stores. The company plans to expand sales to 200 stores nationally by the end of the year. Edible Arrangements is the latest brand to jump on the trend. CBD is found in grocery stores, fancy restaurants and even in a special Carl’s Jr. burger.

Edible Arrangements is selling CBD-infused edibles

Edible Arrangements is rolling out a new CBD-infused product line that is appropriately titled Incredible Edibles. (CNN) — Edible Arrangements has finally reached nirvana. The company is rolling out a new CBD-infused product line that is appropriately titled Incredible Edibles. Hemp-derived CBD is non-psychoactive, a notion that Edible is emphasizing by describing the new line of products as “Health, Not High.” In a release, the company said that it’s using “high-quality, traceable CBD” for a new array of items including smoothies, chocolate-dipped fruit and baked goods. CBD has become a mainstream phenomenon since the passage of the US Farm Bill last year. which legalized hemp with some conditions. People praise hemp’s health benefits, which include helping insomnia or helping inflammation, but there’s little clinical research that proves CBD’s effectiveness. The Food & Drug Administration still hasn’t decided how to regulate CBD products. But that hasn’t stopped people from buying it. Sales are expected to top $5 billion this year, a 700% increase from 2018 according to research released earlier this year. Incredible Edibles claims that CBD sales are projected to surpass $20 billion by 2024. The company is transparent in the hemp’s sourcing on its website. Edible said its CBD is “sourced strictly from trusted, federally compliant, and experienced farms practicing advanced and organic agricultural techniques” and that its CBD goes though “rigorous testing and verification process” so there’s no “trace of contaminants, pesticides, or additives.” The CBD-infused products are already on sale in Edible’s Dallas stores. The company plans to expand sales to 200 stores nationally by the end of the year. Edible Arrangements is the latest brand to jump on the trend. CBD is found in grocery stores, fancy restaurants and even in a special Carl’s Jr. burger.

Ceria Brewing to Begin Shipments of Non-Alcoholic THC-Infused and THC/CBD-Infused Products to California in January 2020 | Brewbound

ARVADA, Colo. – California is the next recreationally legalized state being targeted for Colorado-based CERIA Brewing Company’s line of THC- and THC/CBD-infused dealcoholized craft beers. In January 2020, the company plans to introduce to the Golden State its Grainwave Belgian Style White Ale infused with 5 mg. of THC, and its newest entry, Indiewave, an IPA Style infused with 10 mg. of THC and 10 mg. of CBD. Due to regulatory guidelines in the State, the brands will be known as simply Grainwave and Indiewave. The launch will be supported by a multi-city promotional tour by CERIA brewmaster and co-founder Keith Villa, Ph.D., former brewmaster of Blue Moon craft beer. CERIA made brewing history in 2018 with Colorado’s first THC-infused beer. Since then it has set its sights on expansion to all 12 states where consumption of recreational cannabis is fully legal. CERIA will enter California by mid-January, then proceed to Nevada thereafter. “The preliminary market response to CERIA’s products from our distribution network has been extremely positive. We’re excited to be on the forefront with CERIA to help build a new category in beverage, which we believe has huge growth potential,” said Nathan Roessmann, VP – Operations of Growpacker, the licensed facility based in Desert Hot Springs, Calif., that will infuse, package and distribute CERIA in the state. Grainwave, at only 77 calories, is a refreshing, medium bodied non-alcohol craft beer featuring blood orange peel and coriander. CERIA gently removes the alcohol and infuses the beer with water soluble THC for a new spin on a classic. Indiewave is a flavorful non-alcohol, IPA style craft beer infused with both THC and CBD that perfectly balances Cascade, Citra and Amarillo hops with light caramel malts for a smooth citrus character, all at under 100 calories. Both styles will be sold in 12 oz. aluminum cans and 4-packs. The expansion is expected to continue the brand’s high profile, meteoric rise in cannabis infused beverages, according to Keith Villa, Ph.D., and his wife, co-founder and CEO Jodi Villa. “By always creating and producing the highest quality, best tasting styles, CERIA has established itself as the standard for responsible and enjoyable beverage consumption of cannabis,” said Dr. Villa. “Consumers want to enjoy cannabis in more traditionally social occasions. And beverages are the ideal product form to meet that need. The under-developed market for beverages in cannabis presents a tremendous opportunity for brands, retailers and consumers alike for years to come.” For the California market, the two CERIA styles will be available for sale in licensed dispensaries starting in southern California. Eventually they will be available through Growpacker’s home delivery system. CERIA, Inc., a Delaware C corporation, dba CERIA Brewing Company, is headquartered in Arvada, Colorado. For more information: Ceriabrewing.com, @ceriabrewing #ceriabrewing For More Information: https://ceriabrewing.com

Make Your Own CBD Shaving Cream

Our skin goes through a lot. I mean, a lot. Certain parts of it are routinely exposed to the cold air, the hot sun, to wind and rain and UV rays and a billion different types of irritants. Oh, and then we go ahead and shave off the hairs meant to protect it about twice a week. Our skin’s daily struggle to protect our soft and defenseless inner selves make it a largely unsung hero. It demonstrates a robust durability that I desperately wish my brain would take some lessons from. But that doesn’t mean that it’s perfect or impenetrable. stokpic / Pixabay Our skin needs help from all the things we put it through. Think of the countless razor burns, nicks and scratches, ingrown hairs, and sore bumps caused by sometimes even the sharpest razor. In response to this, a whole industry has risen out of the depths to tempt us with skin care products loaded with literally anything and everything, and recently they’ve all certainly had CBD incorporated in there somewhere. Get The Full Series in PDF Get the entire 10-part series on Charlie Munger in PDF. Save it to your desktop, read it on your tablet, or email to your colleagues. Q3 2019 hedge fund letters, conferences and more CBD and the beauty industry are practically old friends, and the scientific backing that supports this match only add fuel to an already explosive market. So how can CBD help our skin overall, and how might we be able to incorporate it into that most delicate routine where our skin might just be at its most raw: shaving? Looking After Your Skin Is Important The wear and tear we put our skin through will eventually cause damage, and sometimes that damage is even permanent. But to understand this, we must understand first how the skin functions. Comprised of three separate layers, the skin is a complex and intricate organ. The first and outer layer, the epidermis, acts as a waterproof shield and a barrier between you and infection. The dermis, or second layer, is made up of thick connective tissues like collagen and elastin, and blood vessels. The third and final layer, the hypodermis, is made up of those things that support the skin’s immune system like adipocytes, macrophages, and fibroblasts, and nerves. Basically, your skin acts as a protector, regulator, and sensory receptor, and so much more. It regulates heat, it excretes sweat, it communicates to others how we’re feeling, and it can absorb nutrients and medicines. And, of course, there are a million ways to damage one, two, or many of these functions locally and all over. Shaving poses many potential threats to our skin, and much of the time we’re not doing it correctly: Using single blade razors or not replacing your blade often enough can result in cuts and razor burn. Not exfoliating between shaves can cause a buildup of dead skin cells and result in ingrown hairs. Shaving right after getting into the shower or bath, like most of us do, doesn’t allow for hair to soften and follicles to open properly. Dry shaving is like running a car without oil, it just wreaks all kinds of havoc and increases the likelihood of cuts, razor burns, ingrown hairs, and permanent damage. Why CBD is Good For Your Skin CBD and skin go together like chocolate and peanut butter. This of course has to do with skin’s ability to absorb good things through it, and CBD’s ability to interact with the endocannabinoid system through the skin. Not only is CBD packed with fatty acids that can breathe new life into tired or aging skin, it’s also an incredible antioxidant and anti inflammatory, fighting off free radicals and reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Beyond this, it’s thought to play a role in sebum production and is naturally antibacterial, which means it may be an effective acne treatment. CBD can be applied topically to the skin for localized benefits because the ECS has receptors here as well as all over the rest of the body. The same cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body and central nervous system, CB1 and CB2 receptors, are indeed also found in our skin, and when CBD is applied here it doesn’t enter the bloodstream but rather gets absorbed by our skin. So, that means that when we apply CBD directly to our skin, it can still interact and help the ECS in a localized fashion to treat the many things we put our skin through. CBD can hydrate, reduce itching, and hydrate by stimulating the ECS. When you apply these benefits to the effects that shaving incorrectly can have on our skin, it’s easy to see why CBD moisturizing lotions might be a good idea to use to treat the irritation, itching, razor burn, and shaving bumps/ingrown hairs caused by shaving incorrectly. But, incorporating CBD into your shaving cream can have wonderful preventative benefits as well, as a good shaving cream is the ultimate tool to preventing many of the common issues with shaving in the first place. Make Your Own CBD Shaving Cream There are many excellent guides out there for making a CBD shaving foam that won’t leave you penniless (who needs money with legs that smooth anyways), and for a simple recipe that will let your skin revel in all the health benefits CBD can offer, plus some nice extras, we suggest the following: 4 Tbsp Shea Butter 4 Tbsp Coconut Oil 2 Tsp Castile Soap 4 – 6 drops Bergamot Essential Oil 3-4 drops of CBD from a tincture In a glass bowl over boiling water melt the shea butter and coconut oil until combined. Take off the heat and let cool slightly before adding the CBD oil - which should remain room temperature. Stir and refrigerate until the mixture is solid. Then, remove the mixture from the fridge and whip with a hand mixer until fluffy. Add the Castile soap and essential oil and blend again. Store in an airtight jar until use.

Toke of the Week: Tinley Tonics | OC Weekly

Photo courtesy Tinley Beverage Co. With its team of highly skilled beverage and cannabis experts, Tinley Beverage Co. (drinktinley.com) believes its lineup of tonics may bridge the gap between enjoying a smoke-free cannabis experience at home and not doubling your daily recommended sugar intake. Using only the highest-quality THC distillate from Northern California, its elixirs’ euphoric effects can be felt in minutes; by the time you finish one of the deliciously thirst-quenching beverages, you’ll be ready for whatever curveball life has planned for you.  Besides being affordable, tasty and easy on the eyes, Tinley’s 5-milligram-microdose mixers really stand out when paired with your favorite liquor. The agave-based sweetness of the Stone Daisy Cannabis-Infused Tonic is predestined for greatness, more so when you add tequila to the mix. Meanwhile, the High Horse elixir has just the right amount of spicy ginger to make even the snootiest of imbibers happier than a pig in slop.  If you find yourself feeling a little less than your best after a full day of work, errands and stress, or if you’re guilty of posting memes about how you can’t wait for the weekend, let Tinley melt away your cares with its duo of tonics featuring full-flower effects and even-better flavors. Visit the website for a list of retailers and delivery services that carry the $24 four-packs. Jefferson Matthew VanBilliard is a leo that enjoys all things cannabis and is just trying his best. He let us know that although the desert will always be his home you can find him on Fourth St. in Santa Ana battle rapping teenagers or at the local high school where he coaches girls varsity volleyball without anyone’s permission.

Teen develops 'popcorn lung' symptoms after vaping flavors and THC

A new report, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal on Wednesday, details how this case of bronchiolitis appears distinct from other vaping-related lung injury cases identified in the United States because the case might have been vaping-related popcorn lung. Popcorn lung, or bronchiolitis obliterans, is an inflammatory condition that affects the bronchioles, tiny airways in the lungs. The name is in reference to former microwave-popcorn factory workers who developed bronchiolitis obliterans after breathing in vapor from butter flavoring added to the popcorn. "This patient had severe, acute bronchiolitis, possibly related to inhalational injury from vaping, with several features suggestive of subsequent early bronchiolitis obliterans," the medical team from Lawson Health Research Institute and University Health Network, who were involved in the patient's care, wrote in the new case report. "This case of acute, life-threatening bronchiolitis resulting in fixed, chronic airflow obstruction in a previously healthy youth highlights the need for further research on the epidemiology of e-cigarette use, its addictive potential, and the short- and long-term risks and mechanisms of injury associated with vaping," they wrote. A case of possible 'popcorn lung' The patient developed a severe cough that caused him to seek medical attention, according to the report. He said he worked at a fast-food restaurant and did not use alcohol or smoke cigarettes, but he vaped daily for the last five months. Some of the flavors he vaped were "dew mountain," "green apple" and "cotton candy." As the patient's symptoms progressed, he eventually had trouble breathing, malaise and nausea. He was admitted to a community hospital where physicians looked at his lungs in a radiograph and found concerning "diffuse micronodular opacities." His symptoms persisted and he ended up being put on an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, or ECMO, machine that helped him breathe. The patient was even transferred on ECMO to a lung transplant center for further evaluation. Following that transfer, he received additional care, was weaned from ECMO and a ventilator, saw improvements in his health and then was discharged home after a total 47 days in the hospital. The report had some limitations, including that although the doctors obtained the patient's vaping history, no actual samples of the vaping products he used were available for analysis. 'Our own new generation of lung diseases' The medical team notes in the report that the case may represent one specific way certain vaping behaviors could impact the lungs. There have been separate reports that popcorn lung may be tied to certain vaping behaviors. In 2016, the American Lung Association warned that popcorn lung could be a "dangerous risk" of flavored e-cigarettes. The new case report comes as no surprise to Dr. Panagis Galiatsatos, director of the Tobacco Treatment Clinic at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore. He was not involved in the report but has examined various types of vaping-related lung injuries. "For me, this case is not surprising, not unexpected and it goes along with the acute toxicity that we see from vaping happening in the most fragile parts of the lungs," said Galiatsatos, who is also a spokesperson for the American Lung Association. "For popcorn lung, the actual scientific name is bronchiolitis obliterans, and the bronchiolitis obliterans name implies obliterating the bronchioles, the most distal part of the lungs -- and that's what that disease did. It just knocked those completely out," he said about the case. "I think what we are recognizing now is that these toxins that are in the electronic cigarettes are toxins for a reason." The vaping-related lung injuries that have emerged in the United States represent a growing group of lung conditions that have not necessarily been seen that often in the past. For instance, "bronchiolitis obliterans is not a common disease," Galiatsatos said. "This is our own new generation of lung diseases." 'This is what scares a doctor like me' As of Wednesday, there have been 2,290 cases of e-cigarette or vaping-related acute lung injury across 49 US states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Forty-seven deaths have been confirmed in 25 states and DC. The only state without a case is Alaska. Most patients have reported a history of using THC-containing vaping products. These lung conditions can impact the body in different ways depending on the person and their vaping behaviors, Galiatsatos said, adding that the conditions also seem to be linked to the heating of toxins found in electronic cigarette cartridges and certain e-liquids. The CDC has identified vitamin E acetate as a chemical of concern among people with e-cigarette or vaping-related acute lung injuries. Vitamin E acetate is used as an additive, most notably as a thickening agent in THC-containing vaping products, according to the CDC. "These are not innocent chemicals that are in the electronic cigarette pods and the health ramifications of what we're going to be seeing is a lot of rather uncommon diseases," Galiatsatos said. "Electronic vaping acute lung injury: that's a whole new novel lung disease that we have now," he said. "This is what scares a doctor like me."